Construction projects are highly structured activities, regardless of whether they involve the construction of a shopping mall or a single-family property. They involve many moving elements and individuals who must be carefully synchronized.
FREMONT, CA: Construction management integrates various services throughout the project phases of planning, designing, executing, and commissioning, to attain project objectives such as quality, cost, schedule, and scope management. Projects are inherently complicated, involving several construction management processes across the project's various phases. Numerous stakeholders—senior management teams, planners, designers, construction managers, contractors, and suppliers—must be managed throughout the project's various phases. Some of the critical points to examine are the following:
Initiation of the construction project and definition of the scope
This is one of the most critical phases of the project because it determines the feasibility of completing the construction projects. It is critical to agree on the scope of work to be performed, be clear about the appropriate construction project management techniques to be used throughout the project's lifecycle, and ensure that all stakeholders are aware of these decisions.
The decision-making process entails an intensive building project planning exercise, and one must ensure that the appropriate people are involved in developing the appropriate solutions. A communication plan between top management and other stakeholders during the various construction phases is frequently ignored due to the typical project setup, which entirely disregards workflow.
Construction Scheduling and Planning
Any construction project begins with creating a detailed construction phase plan outlining the high-level objectives for the teams to achieve to effectively complete the project within the anticipated scope, budget, and cost. Even with thorough construction phase plans made by the project's masterminds, most fail to materialize due to the numerous hurdles and complexities involved, depending on the project's scope.
These statistics demonstrate that projects frequently face scope, cost, and schedule overruns even with meticulous construction planning.
Thus, how does planning work in a normal setting?
The top management develops high-level estimates based on contractually agreed milestones, and then hands them to the planners, who develop specific construction estimates based on assumptions. This master plan is communicated to contractors, who communicate the targets to on-site workers, who are continuously engaged in firefighting to meet the ridiculous targets established by high management with very little engagement in actual production. This is referred to as the Highest-down strategy, in which targets are constantly pushed down from the top level.
The disadvantages of this standard approach to building planning are as follows:
The project plans are implausible because they consider site conditions, buffer zones, or input from the persons directly involved in the construction.
Based on assumptions, silos were planned.
There is less reliability due to the multiple modifications.
Constant pressure places a strain on the work team.
Inadequate communication between suppliers and contractors results in various revisions of building designs.
Thus, the approach is to balance the push and pull essentially. Engineers involve those with the most stakes in completing the building planning procedures. This is known as bottom-up planning. It occurs when the real work crew breaks down tasks, commits to them, and creates a collaborative environment where individuals examine restrictions and develop trustworthy building plans.