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What is Prefabrication and Why is it Important

Construction Tech Review | Saturday, December 26, 2020

When prefabrication is planned and deployed correctly, it reduces total construction project costs and boosts safety.

FREMONT, CA: The construction industry delivers a finished product by transforming raw materials. However, construction deals with unique projects that are built-in exposed sites. Prefabrication is a promising concept for building developers since it brings many advantages to manufacturing.  Buildings are assembled from modular elements that are created off-site, reducing the man-hours at the project location. A controlled factory environment is safer for the project staff compared with an active construction site. Read further to know more.

Prefabrication is the process of making buildings, or components of buildings, in a different location than the working site itself. Construction firms will transport the completed unit to the final site to complete the setup and handover buildings to their owners. This process avoids the need for conventionally sourced construction materials because off-site assembled parts result in less waste. As the raw materials are produced off-site and shipped partially assembled, prefabrication mitigates labor costs and the cost of materials.

The construction industry has reinvented prefabrication and modularization because of the innovations in construction technology. BIM technology is making the construction industry more environmentally sustainable and economical. BIM integrates technology and construction to support contractors and companies visualize the scope of the project. The integrati

on of technology and construction can visualize the cost and material variations, reducing construction material costs, and wasted labor hours.

Construction is a hazardous industry, so companies want to deploy safer processes. There is less risk of prefabrication with dirt, moisture, and other environmental hazards because workers produce sub-assemblies in factory-controlled environments. Prefabricated materials and engineering have enhanced to make the structures and assemblies as strong as conventional buildings. On job-sites, the workers and possible tenants are susceptible to weather-related risks, so a factory-controlled climate ensures more safety than a project job-site. There are more strict factory procedures and processes that guard workers against on-the-job injuries. Although construction sites prioritize safety, employees have higher chances of injury because of ground conditions, weather-related conditions, and wind.

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