Technological advancements such as inexpensive sensors, affordable and miniaturized electronics, pervasive connectivity, and low data storage and computing costs are enabling the realization of green buildings.
FREMONT, CA: Green buildings are resource-efficient in design and environmentally responsible. The initiatives green buildings have gained popularity in the past 40 years. However, due to recent technological advancements, green building initiatives are seeing more number of practical realizations. Still, there are challenges that hinder the actualization of green buildings:
• Integrating various building systems and equipment to achieve a holistic view of energy and other factors is the primary challenge. The integration helps to monitor and to react to any performance or resource use degradation. Secondly, it helps to predict potential issues in building systems and then to address them proactively. Finally, it allows responding to changing energy prices and environmental factors.
• Green initiatives may not be cost-effective, not at least at the time of deployment. Moreover, the incorporation requires measurement and verification of policy compliance and the effect of various green initiatives.
However, the adoptions of latest technologies are addressing these challenges. Technological development such as inexpensive sensors, affordable and miniaturized electronics, pervasive connectivity, and low data storage and computing costs are enabling the affordable realization of green buildings. Green buildings are more of a need than just a trend, while the Internet of Things (IoT) is an integral part of green initiatives. Here are the ways in IoT is enhancing green buildings:
• IoT enables adaptive building systems with self-optimization of building systems and equipment, responsiveness to the ever-transforming environment and the ability to provide multiple-outcome based strategies.
• It is also encouraging edge analytics with greater sensing and instrumentation, storage and embedded computing in various building devices with embedded fault detection and diagnostics in case of connected systems.
• It enables life and reliability modeling of several building devices and systems.
• Predictive operations and maintenance that were issue-based and more scheduled earlier can be more event and module-based because of the availability of real-time analytics and data –monitoring.
• The latest IoT sensors and devices can quickly solve previously difficult integration issues concerning different buildings and management systems.
The intersection of green buildings and IoT is producing a new set of opportunities for improvement and innovation.