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How BIM drives Prefabrication

By Construction Tech Review | Monday, May 20, 2019

The demands for infrastructure are ever-increasing. The population is rising throughout the world, and a supply of safe, resilient, and smart houses, buildings and cities is required. To satisfy this need for fast-paced infrastructural growth, the construction industry looks beyond the traditional methods and moves towards newer technologies. One such technique is prefabrication.

Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a process that involves designing of buildings, creating models, and enabling management and coordination of the project during the entire construction period.  BIM allows every small detail in the project to be included in the design model and provides a proper visualization. When prefabrication uses BIM, all the advantages are inculcated, into prefabrication, and the manufacturers can be confident that the parts and materials will fit perfectly.

The advantages, although numerous, can’t rule out the significant problems associated with prefabrication. If the prefabricated parts do not fit well at the actual site, it could spell doom. Accurately designed and appropriately manufactured materials are essential for prefabrication to work. Companies should use the right technologies like BIM to make prefabrication work.

The building process involves prefabrication at various stages. In some projects, prefabrication is used, for the initial framework only. In some cases the panels to work as walls are prefabricated. In case of walls being prefabricated, companies should take extra care regarding the pre-cut openings for pipes and wires.

Prefabrication in construction refers to a method in which the materials used in construction are fabricated, or manufactured beforehand. These are then transported to the site of the project and assembled to give the finished structure.  Prefabrication seems like a perfect solution to all the woes faced by construction companies. The process of construction becomes faster, dependence on workers reduces manifold, and efficiency in managing the project becomes better. Conventional construction methods are dependent upon human labor to an extent, and this leads to errors. Safety and quality are also not always up to the mark. The companies carrying out construction also have to deal with delays and issues with acquiring raw materials on time. Prefabrication is equipped to rule out many of these possibilities.  

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