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Advances in Construction Techniques and Materials

Construction Tech Review | Wednesday, February 24, 2021

Modern construction techniques and materials are drastically changing the way buildings are made.

FREMONT, CA: Modular houses are residences built in a controlled factory environment in sections or modules and then transported to the construction site. There, they are deployed on permanent foundations and completed by professional installers. Here are some of the modern construction techniques and materials used to build such buildings

SIP(Structure Fabricated Panel)

A structural insulated panel is a type of sandwich panel leveraged in modular homes or as partition walls in conventional concrete homes. SIP is a composite sandwich panel with outer layers of structural board and an insulating layer of core sandwiched between the two layers. The exterior board can be a sheet of metal, cement, plywood, Magnesium oxide, or oriented stranded board (OSB), and the core can either be of Expa

nded polystyrene foam (EPS), Extruded polystyrene foam (XPS), Polyisocyanurate foam, Polyurethane foam or composite honeycomb (HSC).

Drywall (Gypsum Board Panel)

This wall panel is created out of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper. These are usually used to make interior partitions and are widely harnessed as partitions over other partition wall materials because they are seamless and quick to work with. There are different drywall types, and they include Drylining System, Interior Partition, Performance Drywalls, and Wet Area Drywalls.

Straw Board Partition Walls

These are manufactured using high pressures and temperatures up to 240°C, which forces the straw to release a natural resin out of them, which combines the fibers. The high density and low oxygen content of the resulting panels make them resistant to combustion, so they don’t release toxic vapors. The boron compound polybor can be factory added to the core for offering an additional resistance against insects, fungal decay, and fire for a long time. The direct pull load-bearing capacity without breaking is about 35 pounds, and the sheer pull load capacity is around 80 pounds. These are used to make interior partitions and are used as partitions over other partition wall materials because they are easy and quick to work with.

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